Cataract surgery: what is worth knowing?

One of the most common eye diseases in older people is cataract. Pathology is a clouding of the lens of the eye – thanks to it, the rays of light fall on the retina. With a cataract, a person stops seeing, because the clouded lens is not able to transmit light. Its clouding is associated with different factors, but the main reason is age-related change inside the human eye. Also, an excessive amount of ultraviolet radiation can accelerate the development of a cataract – for this reason you should always wear dark glasses when going out in the sun. It is worth knowing that with the help of drugs, the disease can only be slowed down, but not cured. That is why in order to return the patient’s vision, surgery is required. In its course, the dimmed lens is removed, and a new, artificial one is established.
There are two common methods of operation: Ultrasound. In its course, the opaque lens is divided into parts, and removed from the eye through a microscopic hole, and a new one is installed in its place. This type of cataract surgery is most common. Ultrasound + femtosecond laser. The technique is more expensive, but also safer and more effective – the risks are minimal, and the effectiveness of cataract treatment is almost 100%. Before the operation, the person will have to undergo a series of examinations to eliminate the risks, and make sure that the patient does not have pathologies that are contraindicated for the operation. The operation itself proceeds quickly and painlessly, thanks to modern technology and the work of anesthesiologists. Rehabilitation after replacing your lens with an artificial one is also simple, but during its course it is important to strictly follow the instructions of the doctor. You should not worry about it: at the moment the technology is developed well enough to guarantee almost one hundred percent success of the surgical intervention.